Praise be to ِAllah who forgives sins and accepts repentance, with his entire knowledge he diagnoses the disease, and with his entire mercy he prescribed the cure, which is “astaghfirullah”.

Astagfurillah is a great ِInvocation of Allah, the Almighty lord knew that his weak servant will make mistakes, so He revealed seeking forgiveness, and with His mercy, He will accept.

ِAlthough, all the prophets are Infallible, they supplicated forgiveness from Allah, so it’s more precisely that the weak sinners seek Allah’s forgiveness.

As Allah revealed to Noah PBUH to teach his people to say astagfurillah, in order to increase their sustenance, our prophet also was commanded to teach us al istighfar to reach the great degrees in world life and in the life after.

what does astaghfirullah mean?

Astaghfrulla is a great invocation and supplication, and it’s an Arabic statement that Muslims should say in Arabic and understand its meaning quietly.

astaghfirullah in arabic

Astafallah is an Arabic expression that is composed of two words, and they are:

Astagfer: This is an Arabic verb that means seeking forgiveness and pardon

Allah: our lord the forgiver and the merciful, we seek his forgiveness, hope for his mercy, and fear his torment.

The Arabic scholars said that Al Istigfar means to hide or cover, so astagfurillah is also asking Allah to hide our sins and shortcomings between the creatures in world life and in the life after.

Saying astaghfrulla by your tongue must settle in your heart and soul, it’s not only words to be repeated, it’s a sincere supplication with devotion to the Almighty merciful lord who we love and fear.

when to say astaghfirullah?

Previously, we talked about the meaning of astafallah, and according to this meaning you could imagine it’s aligned only after doing sins but actually, this is not true.

Astaghfirullah is one of the invocations that Muslims say during the day and night, and now we will mention some positions that astaghfirullah is preferable in:

after performing worships

The most important place for Muslims to say astaghfirullah is after finishing performing the different kinds of worship,  because of some reasons and they are:

1-It is  a form of complete submission to God, the Blessed and Most High, who commanded us to do so, Allah said in surah al Baqarah verse no 199:

Then depart from the place from where [all] the people depart and ask forgiveness of Allah. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

Here, Allah commanded the pilgrims after tawaf al Ifadah(one of the hajj Rites) to say astagfurillah.

2-following the sunnah of the prophet Muhammad PBUH, on the authority of Abu Hurairah may Allah please him, that he listened to the prophet saying that he Seek forgiveness and repent from Allah more than seventy times per day.

3-Ask God to pardon any shortcomings that may occur in worship until we receive the full reward and our prophet PBUH was saying astaghfrulla three times after finishing each prayer.

After sins

On the authority of Anas bin Malik, may God be pleased with him, he said: The Prophet PBUH said: “All offsprings of Adam make sins, and the best of sinners are those who repent.”

Repent in Islam by saying astaghfirullah wa atoob elaih and we should remember that repenting and seeking forgiveness is not only by repeating words with our tongue, but we should confess guilt, regret, and determination to not make it again.

Kafarat al majlis prayer

On the authority of Abu Hurairah may Allah please him, that he listened to the prophet PBUH saying:

“Whoever sits in a gathering and utters a lot of useless talk in it, then he says before he gets up from that gathering: Glory is to You, O God, our Lord, and praise be to You, I bear witness that there is no god but You, I seek Your forgiveness and repent to You. But forgive him what his council was in it.

Morning and evening Invocations:

Shaddad bin Aus, May Allah please him, narrated that the Prophet PBUH said:

“The best manner of asking for forgiveness,” said al istighfar” is to say: “O Allah! You are my Lord. None has the right to be worshipped except You. You created me and I am your servant and I abide by your covenant and promise as best I can. I seek refuge in you from the evil, which I have committed. I acknowledge your favor upon me and I know my sins, so forgive me, for verily none can forgive sin except you.” Whoever says it during the day, he is certain of it and dies from his day before the evening, then he is from the people of Paradise, and whoever says it during the night, and he is certain of it and dies before the morning, then he is from the people of Paradise.”

Funeral prayer” salatul janazah”

Praise be to Allah the greatest forgiver and merciful, although during our life he told us what to do from worship and seeking forgiveness to avoid his torment in the life after, he gave us the endless chance even after death, and one of those ways to seek Allah’s mercy and forgiveness for our deads in the funeral prayer.

During this prayer in the third raka’a our prophet, PBUH taught us to seek Allah’s forgiveness and mercy to the dead one and to all the Muslim dead.

Night pray’ al Sahar pray” qiyam”al tahjud”

ِallah said in surah al zariat verse no 18;

(18) And in the hours before dawn they would ask forgiveness.

This is a great time that the prophet taught us to pray and ask Allah everything we want, and what is greater than asking forgiveness from Allah?

how to say astaghfirullah?

Saying astafallah in Islam has been mentioned in many forms in the Quran and sunnah as follows:

In Quran

1- Allah sain in surat AAl Imran verse 147

“Our Lord, forgive us our sins and the excess [committed] in our affairs and plant firmly our feet and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”

2-Allah said in surah al moemnon verse 109;

‘Our Lord, we have believed, so forgive us and have mercy upon us, and You are the best of the merciful.’

3-in surat al moemnon verse 118

 “My Lord, forgive and have mercy, and You are the best of the merciful.”

In sunnah

1-O God, I have wronged myself greatly, and no one forgives sins except You, so forgive me with forgiveness from You, and have mercy on me, You are the Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

This dua the prophet PBUH taught Abou Bakr al Sedik, may Allah please him, to say during the prayer.

2-On the authority of Zayd, the servant of the Prophet – PBUH- that he heard the Messenger of God – may PBUH saying: ((Whoever said: I seek forgiveness from God, who has no deity but He, the Everlasting, the supporter of the whole universe, And I repent to him; he will be forgiven, even if he fled from the crawl).

3-Lord, forgive me and have mercy on me, for You are the Most Merciful.)

astaghfirullah benefits

1-God’s acceptance of the seeker of forgiveness and his joy at his repentance.

2-Deliverance from the torment of the hereafter

3-High grades in the hereafter

4-Accompanying the Prophet in Heaven

5-sustenance increase, and good conditions in the hereafter

6- facilitate obedience, worship, and the righteous way.

7-alleviation of suffering, removal of sadness, and facilitating life affairs.

how many times should you say astaghfirullah after prayer?

It was reported on the authority of Thawban that he said: When the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, finished his prayer, he would ask God’s forgiveness three times and said: “Oh God, you are peace and from you is peace, you are blessed, O Possessor of Majesty and Honor.”

Summary

Astaghfirullah is a great remembrance of Allah, which the prophet taught us to abide by at all times day and night.

Muslims have a deep faith that world life is temporary and perishable, so all Muslims seek forgiveness from Allah to restore life after that will be immortal.

The prophet taught us that we will be with whom we love and follow in the life after, saying astagfurillah as he taught us will ensure our companionship with the prophet PBUH.

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