Dua in Islam is a prayer and supplication, all your senses, feelings, and thoughts are directed to god almighty, and dua qunoot is a particular supplication that the prophet Peace be upon him, performed and his companions did.
dua qanoot has more than one form narrated from the prophet PBUH, and all of them are true, in addition to those forms, imam can also increase statements that include the incidents and calamities that have befallen our nation.
During our talking about dua qunoot via this article, we will recognize that the prophet PBUH performed it in calamities and misfortunes, and also it was aligned with al witr salah, this is a sign of the great status and value of the dua kanoot for Muslims.
what is dua Qunoot?
dua quonoot is a prayer, and before talking about what it is, we will explain the meaning of the word Qunoot:
The word Qunot is an Arabic word that has more than one meaning according to what has come in Quran and sunnah, as follows:
Allah said in Al Ahzab surah, verse 35;
“Al qaniteen wal Qantaat”
In this verse, Allah showed us ten attributes whose owners will deserve great mercy and great reward, one of those attributes is submissive obedience.
In the same meaning Allah said in surat Al Nahl, verse 120:
(120) Indeed, Abraham was a [comprehensive] leader,[qanitan] devoutly obedient to Allah, inclining toward truth, and he was not of those who associate others with Allah.
Here silence is, refraining from permissible speech, except for dhikr and supplication as in surat Al Bakarah, verse 238:
Maintain with care the [obligatory] prayers and [in particular] the middle prayer and stand before Allah, devoutly (speechless) obedient.
In the meaning of silence, the prophet PBUH said in the authentic Hadith:
(Verily, in this prayer, nothing of the people’s speech is permitted, rather it is glorification, the takbeer, and the recitation of the Qur’an.
In the authentic Hadith when the prophet was asked” what is the best prayer” he answered the long qunoot.
Allah said in the verse no 9 surat al zomor:
Is one who is devoutly obedient praying (qanitan) during periods of the night, prostrating and standing [in prayer], fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord, [like one who does not]? Say, “Are those who know equal to those who do not know?” Only they will remember [who are] people of understanding.
As prostrating and standing means performing prayer.
Finally, dua kanoot is defined in Islamic terminology, as a particular supplication that was legalized at a particular time and prayer, in a particular form, and in a particular place in the prayer( the last rakaah).
is dua qunoot in Quran?
As we previously mentioned, the different conjugations of the Arabic word qunut were mentioned in Quran. Qanitan which means the devoted obedient, qaniteen, and qanitat which means the obedient men and women, but duas for qunoot formula were mentioned only in the authentic Sunnah.
when to read dua qunoot?
dua qanoot is a supplication that could be read after the standing from rukua’a in the last raka’a, and the scholars mentioned different prayers where our beloved prophet peace be upon him, used to perform dua qunoot in them, but first, we will mention the formulas of duas for qunoot.
dua qunoot formulas
Those formulas for dua qunoot have been narrated by the companions of the Prophet, PBUH, either as a description of what the Prophet was doing or a description of what the Companions used to do. it’s permissible to combine them during performing dua kanoot.
Al-Hasan bin Ali’s narration
Al-Hasan bin Ali [may Allah be pleased with him] said:
Allah’s Messenger taught me some phrases to say during Al-Witr ‘O Allah guide me among those You have guided, pardon me among those You have pardoned, befriend me among those You have befriended, bless me in what You have granted, and save me from the evil that You decreed. Indeed You decree and none can pass a decree, and none can pass decree upon You, indeed he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, blessed are You our Lord and Exalted.
Ali bin Abi Talib narration
On the authority of Ali bin Abi Talib, may God be pleased with him: ((The Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him – was saying at the end of his witr
O Allah, I seek refuge in Your pleasure from Your anger, and in Your pardon from Your punishment, and I seek refuge in You from You, I cannot praise You, as You have praised Yourself.
There are different interpretations of the phrase at the end of his witr, some scholars explained it as it’s Dua sujood and others said that it’s dua qunoot, and it’s permissible in both positions.
Urwa bin Zubair narration
O God, it is You we worship, and to You, we pray and prostrate, and to You, we seek and strive, and we hope for Your mercy, our Lord, and we fear Your grave punishment. Your torment is attached to the infidels.
The Positions of dua qunoot
The scholars mentioned various positions for dua qunoot, and they are:
Qunoot al witr
The prayer can use any of the previously mentioned formulas in witr salah after standing from ruku’a before prostration.
Qunoot al nawazl(calamities):
If there is a position that a prayer would be answered, this is that position. Here is the greatness of the Creator, and the weakness of the creature is revealed, here we turn to Allah with our weakness, complaining to Him about the injustice of the oppressors and the betrayal of the traitors.
Allah said in al naml surah, verse 62:
Who responds to the desperate one when he calls upon Him and removes evil and makes you inheritors of the earth? Is there a deity with Allah? Little do you remember(62)
And now will tell a story of calamity and betrayal, when the prophet performed dua qanoot in the last raka’ah of each mandatory prayer for a whole month supplicating Allah to destroy the traitors.
Bir maunnah massacre
Praise be to God, He afflicts the believers with the unbelievers, and the reward of the doers of good is not lost. Here the treachery of the unbelievers is manifested and the surrender of the companions to the martyrdom is revealed, the death for the sake of Allah is the greatest goal and wish.
Muhammad, our beloved prophet PBUH, sent seventy Qur’an reciters to Najd to teach them the teachings of Islam, those reciters were among the best of the companions.
They didn’t go to fight, although if they had known that the matter required war, they would have been worthy of it and its people, however, they were taken treacherously when the Bani Amer tribe pledged to protect them.
It was a severe affliction and calamity for Muslims, a great betrayal and injustice, here the prophet kept performing dua qanoot supplicating on ra’el and Zakwan tribes, the betrayed tribes.
how to learn dua qunoot?
As we previously mentioned, dua qunoot is worship and our source for learning worship is the Quran and the sahih sunnah.
So, we will do as the prophet and his companions did and will follow in their footsteps without deviation.
- Dua qunoot is performed in the last raka’ah before the prostration.
- You could raise your hand opened in front of your face.
- We will use one of the narrated formulas for dua qunoot, and it’s permissible to increase as needed.
- It’s permissible to wipe your face with your hands after completing the supplication.
- It can be performed a lone or with the imam.
is it necessary to recite dua e qunoot in witr?
Witr salah is a permissible salah, that Muslims will be rewarded for its performance and won’t be punished for leaving it, as is dua qunoot.
Dua qunoot is a particular supplication with a special value in Islam.
Dua qunoot aligned with witr salah, this particular salah that adhered to night prayer, the holy time of silence. All people are sleeping and just the devoted obedient came to sake Allah’s satisfaction, dua in this situation is most likely to be answered.
Dua qunoot is one of the arrows of the oppressed that don’t miss, resorting to Allah who never disappoints his servants. Here, the weak creator will be strengthened with the support of the Almighty creator against those who thought that they will never be defeated.
There is more than one formula for dua qunoot and using any of them or using them all is permissible.
Finally, dua is a magic weapon that never dismisses, at qunoot or at any time, praying, walking, and even in your bed, although it’s not mandatory, you will lose a great good, protection, and help by leaving it.