Surah Kahf first 10 verses benefits and lessons, It was named surah kahf for the divine miracle that was in the story of the Companions of the Cave, and it is one of the Al-Mien Surahs, that is, one of the Surahs whose number of verses exceeds a hundred or nearly a hundred, and it follows these seven long Suras.

As mentioned in the merits of the first ten ayats of surah kahf, there are specific hadiths, including what came from Abu Al-Darda’, may Allah be pleased with him. That the Prophet, peace be upon him, said:

«مَنْ حَفِظَ عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ مِنْ أَوَّلِ سُورَةِ الكَهْفِ، عُصِمَ مِنَ الدَّجَّالِ».

what is surah al kahf about?

Surah al kahf mentioned four stories: the people of the cave, the owner of the two gardens, Moses, peace be upon him, Al-Khidr, and Dhul-Qarnayn, as we can summarize the purposes of this noble surah in the following points:

1- Guiding the servants to praise Allah Almighty for His great grace by sending down the Noble Qur’an without crookedness to warn the polytheists and give good tidings to the believers.

And to clarify the Prophet’s keenness to guide his people, and to entertain him by mentioning these four stories and the many lessons and benefits they contain.

2- Mention the story of the Companions of the Cave and the affliction of the monotheistic servants of Allah and their flight from their religion.

3- Confirmation of resurrection.

4- The commandment to be steadfast in the religion, to adhere to the righteous, and to keep away from everything that preoccupies the matter of the Hereafter.

Such as the adornments of this world, and the Almighty says:

{ وَاصْبِرْ نَفْسَكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُم بِالْغَدَاةِ وَالْعَشِيِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُ وَلَا تَعْدُ عَيْنَاكَ عَنْهُمْ تُرِيدُ زِينَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا }.

5- A clarification of what Allah has prepared for those who obey him, and what Allah has prepared for those who disobey him.

6- Mention the story of the owners of the two gardens, and set an example for the one who is deceived by the mortal world.

8- Mention the story of Moses, peace be upon him, with al-Khidr, and the great benefits that it contains from the expanse of the knowledge of Allah Almighty and his honor for his guardians, and the statement of morals related to the teacher and the learner.

9- Mention the story of Dhul-Qarnayn and the reasons given for kingship and empowerment for his establishment of Allah judgment on the scales of justice, taking at the hands of the corrupters, and aiding the oppressed.

10- Allah mentioned some of the scenes on the Day of Resurrection and the state of the disobedient groups and their fate in the Hereafter, as well as what Allah promised His faithful servants of gardens of bliss.

11- A statement that there is no end to the knowledge of Allah Almighty, nor to His words, and an explanation of the humanity of Muhammad.

May Allah prayers and peace be upon him, and his honor with revelation. The Almighty said:

قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوحَى إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ

when to read surah kahf?

Surah al kahf is one of the surahs that is desirable to read on Friday, as it is desirable to read first 10 verses of surah kahf on friday and surah kahf first 10 verses is a light between the two Fridays, as was reported on the authority of Abu Saeed Al-Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him:

مَن قَرَأَ سورةَ الكَهفِ يومَ الجُمُعةِ أضاءَ له من النورِ ما بَينَ الجُمُعتينِ

Also, the recitation of surah al kahf is not specified in a time, rather it is at any time of Friday, whether at the beginning, end, or middle of the day, without specifying any place, so it is valid in the mosque, or on the way to it, and other places. 

 

As The day is known in legal terminology and is estimated from dawn to sunset, but the time for reciting surah kahf begins on Friday night, that is, on Thursday evening.

Moreover, reciting Surat Al-Kahf on Friday brings many virtues, so let’s know first 10 verses of surah kahf benefits:

  • first ten ayats of surah kahf is a light for those who read it, and there are many hadiths that indicate that; Including: What was reported on the authority of Abu Saeed Al-Khudri.

May Allah be pleased with him – that the Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – said:

(مَنْ قرأَ سورةَ الكهفِ كما أُنْزِلَتْ كانَتْ لهُ نُورًا يومَ القيامةِ، من مَقَامِهِ إلى مكةَ، و مَنْ قرأَ عشرَ آياتٍ من آخِرِها ثُمَّ خرجَ الدَّجَّالُ لمْ يَضُرَّهُ).

  • It is desirable to read first 10 verses of surah kahf on friday, as the great companion Abdullah bin Omar used to recite it; Because of its great reward, however, most of the hadiths that were mentioned in explaining the virtue of reading it are weak attributions.

But they are taken into account in the virtues of deeds, and they support each other, and therefore reading surah al kahf on Friday is a Sunnah.

  • surah kahf is a light that illuminates the path of guidance for those who read it, as it stops the Muslim from disobedience and sins, and guides him to the path of good and right.

 And it may be a real and tangible light, as it was reported from Abdullah bin Omar – may Allah be pleased with him – that the Prophet – peace be upon him – said:

«مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْكَهْفِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ سَطَعَ لَهُ نُورٌ مِنْ تَحْتِ قَدَمِهِ إِلَى عَنَانِ السِّمَاءِ يُضِيءُ بِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَغُفِرَ لَهُ مَا بَيْنَ الْجُمُعَتَيْنِ».

  • surah kahf first 10 verses protect from the Dajjal by memorizing the first ten verses of it, as Many hadiths confirm this. Including: What was reported by the authority of Abu al-Darda’.

May Allah be pleased with him – that the Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – said:

«مَنْ حَفِظَ عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ مِنْ أَوَّلِ سُورَةِ الكَهْفِ، عُصِمَ مِنَ الدَّجَّالِ»

And what Imam Muslim included in his Sahih with a long hadith concerning the Dajjal:

(فمَن أَدْرَكَهُ مِنكُمْ، فَلْيَقْرَأْ عليه فَوَاتِحَ سُورَةِ الكَهْفِ)

why do we read surah kahf on friday?

Surah al kahf is read every Friday, and there is no difference between reading it at night or during the day, and whoever reads it has light between the two Fridays.

As was reported from Abu Saeed Al-Khudri on the authority of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – that he said:

مَن قَرَأَ سورةَ الكَهفِ يومَ الجُمُعةِ أضاءَ له من النورِ ما بَينَ الجُمُعتينِ.

there are many virtues and wisdom for reading surah kahf, and the following is a detailed explanation of it:

1- Tranquility and light will descend on the Day of Resurrection:

 My companion was reciting surah kahf and in his house was an animal; So it began to shake and move, so he made a supplication to his Lord to deliver him from the beast, and then a cloud had covered him.

So he narrated this to the Messenger of Allah, and the Messenger explained to him that the Holy Qur’an is one of the causes of calmness, meaning that the cloud is peace and mercy, and by that he means the angels, so the beast was disturbed to see them.

This is evidence of the virtue of reciting the Qur’an and that it is a reason for the descent of mercy and tranquility and the presence of angels. Imam Muslim narrated in his Sahih:

(قَرَأَ رَجُلٌ الكَهْفَ، وفي الدَّارِ دَابَّةٌ فَجَعَلَتْ تَنْفِرُ، فَنَظَرَ فَإِذَا ضَبَابَةٌ، أَوْ سَحَابَةٌ قدْ غَشِيَتْهُ، قالَ: فَذَكَرَ ذلكَ للنبيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عليه وسلَّمَ، فَقالَ: اقْرَأْ فُلَانُ، فإنَّهَا السَّكِينَةُ تَنَزَّلَتْ عِنْدَ القُرْآنِ، أَوْ تَنَزَّلَتْ لِلْقُرْآنِ).

2- The infallibility from the Dajjal:

as his trial is great, and there is no prophet who did not warn his people against him. 

It has been said that infallibility is achieved by reading the surah kahf first 10 verses without specifying, and it was said that it is with the first three verses, and it was said that it is achieved by the last ten verses, and it was said with the first ten. 

Nevertheless, it is better to memorize the entire surah and read, and if it is difficult, ten verses from the beginning and ten from the end, otherwise it is only the first ten. The Messenger, peace, and blessings be upon him, said:

(مَن حَفِظَ عَشْرَ آياتٍ مِن أوَّلِ سُورَةِ الكَهْفِ عُصِمَ مِنَ الدَّجَّالِ)

is listening to surah kahf same as reading it?

The reward for reciting surah kahf on Friday, but is limited only to the one who recites the Surah and is not limited to listening to it only, as it was mentioned regarding the one who recited the Surah on that day. 

The Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said:

( مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْكَهْفِ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ أَضَاءَ لَهُ مِنَ النُّورِ مَا بَيْنَ الْجُمُعَتَيْنِ )

It is also well known that whoever listens to the surah is not considered a reciter of it. Based on this: whoever wants the reward mentioned in the hadiths, should read surah kahf, and he is not satisfied with listening.

But the one who does not read the Qur’an well, then listens to it from someone else, in order to seek the reward mentioned in it, 

There is the hope that he will be rewarded as much as the reader, because of his good intentions, and for doing what he is able to.

To Summarize

surah al kahf is the eighteenth surah whose location comes after Surah Al-Isra and before Surat Maryam, and surah kahf is in the middle of its location in the Holy Qur’an.

As it is located between the fifteenth and sixteenth parts, and it is one of the Meccan surahs that was revealed in Mecca, the vineyard.

As many hadiths were also mentioned about the virtue of memorizing the first 10 verses of surah kahf on friday, which we mentioned in detail within the paragraphs of our article.

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