What breaks Ablution? Wudu is an important ritual in Islam that involves washing certain parts of the body in a specific order, wudu break means this ritual must be renewed in order to perform worship which can’t be performed without wudu.

 It is mainly performed before prayer, although it can also be performed at other times for ritual purification, and there are reasons of breaking wudu we must know as prayer depends on the purification which will be achieved by wudu.

Now, we will mention reasons of breaking wudu and questions about them.

what breaks wudu?

Before talking about reasons of breaking wudu we will briefly talk about the ablution or wudu, wudu is an important ritual that is mandatory to be performed before some worship as prayer and tawaf, and as any worship, there are some things that can invalidate it, in this case, it’s called wudu break.

What are the 4 things that break wudu?

As we previously mentioned there are some of them are unanimous and others are disputed among scholars. 

Allah said in surat annisaa verse 43:

“O you who have believed, do not approareasons of breaking wuduch prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of janabah(after intercourse), except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body](Ghosl). And if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself(feces and urine) or you have contacted women and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and your hands [with it]. Indeed, Allah is ever Pardoning and Forgiving”.

In this verse, Allah Almighty explained the reasons of breaking wudu and they are:

What comes out of the two exits

That includes what comes out from the front exit(urethra) and from the back exit(anus).

1-what comes out from the back exit( podex or anus) 

as feces, passing wind(fart), or any other discharge eliminated by the anus.

2-what comes out from the front exit(urethra) 

as urine, pre-seminal fluid, semen, and menstrual period.

Lack of consciousness or its demise

may be temporary or permanent as follows:

3-temporary unconsciousness:

As a sleep, drug, or epilepsy attack, and the reason here is Muslims could Pass fart, feces, or urine without realizing it.

4-permanent unconsciousness:

In the case of a coma due to brain injury, and madness.

Breaking wudu Islam special provisions:

Now we will talk about the special conditions related to the previous reasons of breaking wudu:

1-fart

-Abdullah bin Zaid complained to the Messenger of God, PBUH about a man who thinks he finds something during prayer(fart). He said: he should not turn away( break his prayer) – until he hears a sound or smells a wind.

So the rule here is that the fart breaks wudu only if there is smell or sound.

-some times the wind passes from the front exit( penis, vagina), in this case, the most accurate opinion is that it won’t break wudu as it’s not actually farting even if there is a sound.

2-sleep

Islamic scholars’ opinion is that sleep which could invalidate wudu is deep sleeping when your body couldn’t stay in the setting position and lay down, as in this case your body will be relaxed and it might pass anything out of both exits.

So, the nap when you are in the setting position won’t break wudu.

And this is according to what came in the authentic hadith that was narrated by Anas Bin Malik”

the Companions, may God be pleased with them, “were waiting for Ishaa salat at the time of the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, until their heads fall(due to sleeping), then they prayed and did not perform ablution.” 

3-urine

As we explained previously urination is one of the reasons of breaking wudu but there are some conditions related to these reasons:

a-Urinary incontinence is a pathological condition in which the patient is in a continuous state of urine output and cannot prevent it, so he won’t be able to keep his wudu, so the rule here is to perform wudu every single prayer and between them, he shouldn’t.

B-urination that doesn’t come front exit is another pathological case here it breaks wudu.

controversial reasons of breaking wudu:

Now, we will mention the controversial reasons of breaking wudu:

1-touching  penis or vagina without barrier

This condition is a matter of dispute between the four schools of Islamic jurisprudence as follows:

A-Hanbali, Maliki, and shafii opinions are that touching this organ breaks wudu.

   As the prophet Muhammad PBUH said(whoever touches his penis should perform wudu)

B-hanifi’s opinion is that touching this part doesn’t break wudu.

2-eating camel’s meat:

Hanbali’s opinion is that eating camel’s meat breaks wudu but the majority of scholars said it doesn’t.

3-washing the dead:

Hanbali’s opinion in this case also is it breaks wudu, but the majority said it doesn’t.

  what breaks wudu hadith

Hadiths of the reasons for breaking wudu are many, and we will mention some of them:

1-anything came out from the two exits.

   Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (may Allah’s peace  and blessings be upon him) said: “Allah does not accept the prayer of anyone of you who is in the state of Hadath (minor ritual impurity), until he performs ablution.

2-touching the penis without barrier:

  ‘Urwah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: I once entered upon Marawān ibn al-Hakam, and we discussed the things that, if one does them, he needs to make ablution (ablution). Marawān said: “And touching the penis?” I said: “I do not know about that.” Marawān said: “Busrah bint Safwān told me that she heard the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) say: ‘Whoever touches his penis should make ablution.

3-the condition that fart breaks wudu.

   Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: “If one of you feels something in his stomach and doubts whether he released some wind or not, he should not leave the mosque unless he hears a sound or smells an odor

does touching non mahram break wudu hanafi?

There is a difference of opinions among scholars regarding touching women

Some of them said: It does not break wudu at all, like Abu Hanifa, may God have mercy on him. And some of them said: it breaks with desire, meaning: if he touches it with pleasure and desire, ablution breaks, and to that went Imam Ahmad(Hanbali), may God have mercy on him.

7 Things that do not break Wadu

1-bleeding other than the two exits.

2-touching non-mahram woman is haram, but it’s not a reason for a wudu break unless it causes Hadath due to sexual desire.

3-kissing between man and his wife without leading to a pre-seminal fluid exit.

4-Vomiting: whether it is a little or a lot.

5-laugh it breaks salah but it doesn’t break wudu.

6-if any impurities such as urine or blood stain clothes, it doesn’t break wudu but it breaks salah.

7-doubt of any reason for wudu break.

does listening to music break your wudu?

Music listening leads to loneliness and distancing from obedience, but it does not break wudu unless it causes something to come out.

does perfume break wudu?

For women, it’s haram to come out while using perfume, but it does not break wudu. 

Summary

Knowing reasons of breaking wudu is essential for every Muslim, as prayer can’t be accepted without wudu.

wudu Islam provisions are depending on what it came in Quran and sunnah, so it’s mandatory to accept and follow.

Urine, feces, fart, menstrual blood, pre-seminal fluid, and semen are the agreed reasons of breaking wudu.

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