Shariah law for kids is the ruling that are included in Islam, which means judgments such as knowing what is permissible and what is forbidden.

As the sources of Shariah law are also derived from the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet, in addition to some other sources, this is what the child will learn about in Shariah law for kids.

the topic of Shariah law and explain why it’s important for kids to learn about it

The rulings of the islamic shariah law are divided into the following:

1- Belief rulings: are provisions related to the essence of Allah Almighty, His names and attributes, and they are called divinities, as well as provisions related to faith in the prophets and messengers, prayers and peace be upon them.

And they are called prophecies, and provisions related to faith in angels, heavenly books, the Last Day, reckoning and resurrection, heaven, etc…

2- Moral rulings: these are the rulings related to self-refinement and purification, which a person must possess, such as honesty, trustworthiness, and fulfillment of covenants.

Forgiveness, patience, humility, and other morals and virtues, and that he should stay away from vices such as: lying, betrayal, and arrogance.

3- Practical rulings: or what is called the science of fiqh are practical rulings that regulate a person’s relationship with his Lord.

Such as acts of worship, rulings that regulate a person’s relationship with other individuals and groups, and rulings that regulate the state’s relationship with other states.

overview of the main principles of Islamic law

Shariah law for kids also came to preserve the five necessities; They are the necessities that guarantee the survival of happiness for a person. They are preserving religion, life, offspring, and money.

And intellect, and by losing and neglecting them, the nation will be miserable in this world and the Hereafter, so Shariah law came to permit everything that is good for these necessities, and prohibited what is in it that transgresses them. 

Preserving religion is by worship and faith, and achieving intellectual security for believers. As for self-preservation; islamic shariah law forbids assaulting it and enacts penalties for those who violate it. 

As for preserving the mind; It is with useful knowledge and reflection on Allah’s creation. As for preserving offspring; He used to set penalties for those who abuse offspring through forbidden relationships.

And as for saving money; Allah has commanded its acquisition by lawfully, and prohibited the means leading to its acquisition of the forbidden.

Understanding Shariah Law

Understanding the teachings of Shariah law for kids is a very necessary and important matter. 

As It is preferable to inculcate the teachings of Islam in the child from an early age, and the correct understanding comes according to successive steps.

The basics of Shariah law in a way that is easy for kids to understand

The basics of Shariah law for kids are represented in the following points:

1- Not being embarrassed and paying hardship: The Islamic religion is a religion of ease and not hardship, as we conclude that in many of the rulings included in Islamic shariah law, such as the permissibility of shortening travel for those who are on a journey.

2- Caring for the interests of all people:

The Shariah law came comprehensive and complete, in other words, there is no other religion that includes all aspects like the Islamic religion.

As it cares about aspects of worship, transactions, and acts of worship, and even establishes controls and laws for these aspects.

3- Achieving justice: this part is concerned with achieving equality and justice among Muslims, so we find the application of hudud punishments committed by disobedient people, such as theft or murder.

the essential principles of Islamic law and how they apply to children

As ordered by Islam( the testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, the observance of the prayer, the payment of zakat, the Pilgrimage, and the fast during Ramadan).

They are the five pillars of Islam, enjoining jihad in the way of Allah, justice, benevolence, honoring one’s parents, upholding ties of kinship, affection between people, and cooperating in righteousness.

And piety, enjoining good and forbidding evil, reconciling between people, permitting trade and marriage, eating good food, commanding women to wear hijab, and urging charity.

Examples of how Shariah law is implemented in everyday life

In addition, we can seek the Islamic shariah law in our daily lives, such as through prayer, where we perform the five obligatory prayers a day, as well as transactions such as buying and selling.

Shariah Law and Parenting

Among the aspects of Shariah law for kids is the sound education of the child in accordance with Islamic shariah law, in accordance with the following teachings.

how parents can raise their children according to Shariah law

1- Raising on faith: is to establish faith in the heart of the son by teaching him the word of monotheism, “There is no god but Allah,” its requirements and meanings.

And endearing the child to Allah Almighty by mentioning His attributes and His blessings upon humans. That Allah Almighty is aware of him at all times and times, and he must observe Allah Almighty in his actions and words.

2- Raising on worship: The Muslim educator begins by accustoming the child to worship, education to worship from childhood, and cultivating the love of obedience and hatred of evil in the child while he is small grows with him.

3- Raising morals: planting good manners in the heart of the son with love and distance from cruelty and violence, and a sense of security on the part of the parents. 

the basics of Islamic law as it relates to parenting, including discipline and education

Shariah law for kids is a great foundation of Islamic education. In its broad Qur’anic meaning, it is a statement of belief, worship, organization of life, and determination of the organization of all human relations.

1- islamic shariah law is an intellectual basis that includes all that we have seen of intellectual perceptions about the universe, life, and man. 

It includes Islam’s position on man or its view of him, Islam’s view of the universe and existence, and the Muslim’s relationship to all of that.

2- Shariah law for kids also provides the Muslim with rules and behavioral systems that make his life an example of accuracy, order, honesty, high morals, methodology, and sound awareness.

And thinking about everything he does or wants to do before embarking on it, i. He always thinks before he works, and is purposeful, meticulous, and productive in everything he does.

3- Shariah law teaches man to think logically by deriving rulings. However, Islamic shariah law, as stated in the Qur’an and Sunnah, in their generality and comprehensiveness, was not designed to treat individual situations or partial cases regarding them. 

tips and guidance for parents on how to instill Islamic values in their children

Building in accordance with Shariah law for kids includes many aspects, as follows:

  • Attention to the physical construction of the child; Children need to play and have fun, and this can be combined with sports to strengthen their bodies, by allowing enough time to play, teaching the child swimming, running and some physical games, and feeding him healthy, balanced food.
  • Attention to the psychological construction of the child; is by listening to the child, allocating time for talking and discussing with him, avoiding constant threats and intimidation, respecting the child, and thanking him when he is doing well.
  •  Paying attention to the social structure of the child; This is done by making the child engage with the children around him, and enrolling him in summer centers and Quran memorization seminars. It is also possible to give the child a certain responsibility. As honoring the guest and doing his hospitality.
  •  Attention to the healthy construction of the child; This is done by paying attention to their healthy food and restaurants, ruqyah, and getting them used to sleeping and waking up early.
  • Paying attention to the cultural construction of the child; is done by accustoming children to reading and encouraging them to do so, solving puzzles and intellectual games, reading with them, and training them in recitation and rhetoric.

Shariah Law and Education

The study and knowledge of fiqh schools is a very important aspect of teaching Shariah law for kids, and below we will learn about the schools of fiqh and the differences between them.

the curriculum and teachings of Islamic schools

Fiqh schools are a group of specialized researchers with experience and scientific competence to study and research the science of jurisprudence, according to scientific methods, and to deduce legal rulings from their evidence.

The school is also called the place of study, but what is meant by it is the diligent jurists in the field of fiqh studies and fiqh schools.

Among the notable Companions, he singled out individuals who were the most knowledgeable, understanding, and memorized of the Companions, and those whom the Messenger of Allah permitted or supplicated for.

Or testified to their scholarly standing, or urged to take and learn from them, or entrusted them with the mission of fatwas and judges, for whom the Companions chose for the caliphate as the caliphate only takes over. 

Those who have reached the rank of ijtihad, those who have been distinguished by intelligence, intelligence, the power of understanding and perception, quality of opinion, jurisprudence of the soul, and good reasoning.

how these institutions align with Shariah law?

The four schools of islamic shariah law – which are the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, and Hanbali schools – are the schools founded by the imams of the most prominent jurists, who were east and west, and their opinions and fatwas became famous between the past and the present.

These remaining sects are distinguished to this day by things that are common characteristics among them, and among these features:

  • Each of these aforementioned sects has a huge jurisprudential structure with its own writings, rules, principles, scholars, and writings, and the roots of each sect extend back to its founder, the owner of the sect.
  • The founders of the sects are scholars of knowledge who were brought up at the hands of the scholars who preceded them, and they took from them what they had memorized and understood from the inheritance of prophecy.
  • The companions of the imams after them, students and associates, had a great role in comprehending the knowledge of their imams, in preserving and transmitting them and preserving them from loss. 
  • And had it not been for Allah and then these great efforts, their doctrines would have been lost, as happened to other peers of the imams of the doctrines. 

how to choose the right Islamic school for your child?

It is obligatory for a Muslim to obey Allah Almighty and obey His Messenger, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, and if a matter of his religion is ambiguous for him.

He should ask someone whose knowledge and piety he trusts among the people of knowledge, and his doctrine is the doctrine of the one who gives him fatwas if he is a commoner, because the commoner has no doctrine.

But if he is one of the insightful students of knowledge who have obtained from the sciences of evidence and the sciences of the machine what makes them able to stand on the evidence?

In the matter and give weight between them, then whoever reaches this stage is obliged to take what is more likely to him from the evidence regardless of the doctrine that he follows.

And this stage is called by some people of knowledge with insight or following, and above it is the stage of ijtihad, so whoever reaches it and fulfills its conditions is not permissible for him to imitate.

But rather he works with what he thinks is more likely to be based on the evidence. But he has to choose the most knowledgeable, the most pious, and the most pious, according to his ability.

Differences in Fiqh

The four schools of thought are the schools on which it is based as a source of legislation in the rulings of Islamic shariah law, so it is an important aspect of Shariah law for kids.

the different schools of thought in Shariah law (Hanafi, Shafi, Maliki, and Hanbali)

The four schools of thought refer to each of the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, and Janbali schools, and the school expresses the method.

Followed by the imam of the school in his understanding of the Shariah law, and in his method of deriving rulings that scholars and individuals followed after him.

how do they differ in their approach to Islamic law?

The fiqh difference is one of the laws of Allah Almighty in His creation, and the prophets differed in this kind of difference, and they are the best of creation.

The Companions differed during the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in many matters, and the difference was either caused by the fact that this scholar did not see the text that was inferred by others.

Or that he saw others as more likely than him, or that he understood from him what the other did not understand, or that he knew of its abrogation or specification, or restriction or other than what is known in the science of origins.

The difference is only in the fiqh branches, and as for the fundamentals of religion and the known branches of religion, it is not permissible to differ in them, and none of the Sunnis differed in them.

Shariah Law and Family

islamic shariah law showed the principles of dealing between members of the same family, whether the treatment of spouses or the treatment of parents to children and below we will learn about the rules of the Shariah law for kids within the family.

the rights and responsibilities of family members under Shariah law

The principle in the relationship between members of the same family is based on love, affection, peace, and tranquility, but  Islamic shariah law has shown several rights that are obligatory for each of the parties to the family, and some of them are explained below:

  • islamic shariah law enjoins the wife’s many independent rights, so the husband must take care of her and treat her with kindness.
  • Spending on the wife is also one of the duties of the husband, even if she is rich.
  • It is also the duty of the husband to teach the wife the teachings and commands of Islam, and obligate her to them.
  • The husband must also keep his wife’s secret, and treat her relatives and family with kindness.
  • islamic shariah law showed many of the rights due to the husband; the wife must obey him with kindness; That is, in non-sinful words and deeds, and taking care of his house, his honor, and his money
  • Likewise, it is not permissible for the wife to leave the house without her husband’s permission, to reveal his secret, or to disrespect his family and relatives.
  • Shariah law also urged parents to fulfill the rights of their children. Parents must name their children with the best names, and perform the ‘aqeeqah on their behalf.
  • Parents must also treat their children with kindness, kindness, and care for justice and equality between them, especially between males and females.

topics such as marriage, divorce, inheritance, and resolving disputes

The Shariah law for kids has made the family a system that regulates its dealings, as it has made each member of the Muslim family a right that suits him from alimony, inheritance, will, and others. 

Moreover. in the social system of islamic shariah law, the family is based on the participation of men and women in an integrated family institution based on consent and acceptance, with the condition of parity between them.

guidance on how to navigate family matters in accordance with Shariah law

Among the teachings of Shariah law for kids embodied in the Islamic religion in the family are the following:

  • Shariah law for kids views the family as the basis of society, which is the first building block and the first cell, and the individual is not the basis of society.
  • islamic shariah law emphasizes the unity of the social structure, and the family is the centerpiece of this structure.
  • The family is the natural incubator of faith; It was from it that the Islamic state was established, and the first of the women to be safe was Khadija. It is the first family in Islam and the first incubator for this call.
  • Shariah law made it clear that faith is only embodied in a land whose people know how to multiply and do not conflict with human instinct.

Shariah Finance

Financial transactions have a distinctive and different form in Islamic shariah law, and this is what the child will learn in the Shariah law for kids.

the principles of Islamic finance and how it differs from conventional banking

Islamic finance is fundamentally different from conventional finance as the charging and payment of interest are strictly prohibited according to the teachings of Islamic shariah law

Given that it is based on concepts such as ethical investment and ethical purchasing, Islamic finance is governed by a set of rules and laws that determine how to conduct business and trade in an economic system based on achieving justice for all stakeholders.

The following are the basic principles that govern Islamic finance:

  • Prohibition of charging and paying interest on loans (which is called usury).
  • Sharing profits, losses, and risks, given that Islam encourages partnership and social integration and is keen not to guarantee a fixed amount of returns without calculating the risk.
  • Prevent speculation to ensure returns are tied to the effort, not luck.
  • Prohibition of concealing some aspects of the contract (such as the price, nature, or description of the commodity) in contractual transactions and relations so that they are clear and fully documented.
  • Prohibition of hoarding money and wealth to ensure the spread of economic development and wealth development and dissemination in a way that benefits society as a whole.
  • Prohibition of immoral investment and trade, as it prevents investment and dealing in certain products or sectors such as alcoholic beverages, weapons, gambling, pork, and suspicious financial transactions.

information on Shariah-compliant banking and investments

An Islamic bank provides the same services as a regular bank, except for services that contain interest, which is considered usury and is forbidden in Shariah law.

The services provided by Islamic banks can be divided into two main parts:

  • Banking services for credit operations.
  • Banking services that do not include credit operations.

Shariah Law and Business

Allah has legislated some controls that must be met in transactions and sales in order for them to be halal, and this is what must be known in Shariah law for kids    

the principles of halal business

For the work to be halal, two conditions must be met:

  • That it is in and of itself legitimate and not prohibited.
  • The work or the commodity should not harm people or them.

how to ensure that products and services comply with Shariah law

Allah Almighty has legislated buying and selling between Muslims and made for him conditions that must be met in order for the sale and purchase contract to be valid, we mention the following:

  • That the contracting parties have several qualities, which are; Puberty, reason, maturity, and freedom. that the contracting parties own the contract; It is not right for the seller to sell something that he does not own.
  • that the seller is able to deliver the contract; It is not permissible to sell the destitute, like one who sells a bird in the air; It should not be sold.
  • That the contract is one of the permissible things to benefit from; such as houses, commercial stores, and the necessities of the house, so it is not permissible to sell what is of no benefit in it, and it is not permissible to sell what Allah Almighty has forbidden; Like wine and pork.
  • No damage to the seller due to the sale, for example, the seller cannot sell a piece of cloth from the dress and leave the rest; Because by doing so he will lose the remainder of the garment.
  • inability to sell; So the sale is not for a specific period, like someone who sells a dress to another person for a month, for example; This contradicts the reality of selling, which is ownership forever, and because the ownership of a thing does not accept timing.
  • unambiguous What is meant by this is deception in the description, such as if a person sells a cow as if it is milking, then the buyer discovers after buying it that it is not.
  • lack of coercion That is, there should be nothing obligating the seller or the buyer to complete the sales contract. Such as threatening to kill, beat, or imprison, and other types of coercion that force the seller or buyer to implement the sale contract without the presence of his free will, thus rendering the contract invalid.
  • Not stipulating a spoiler condition in the sale contract that is inconsistent with its origin, and this includes every condition in which there is a benefit to one of the parties to the sale without being mentioned by the Sharia or not practiced by custom.
  • the absence of ignorance in the sale; This means that the thing sold should be known to the seller and the buyer and that the price should also be known, the knowledge that wards off obscene ignorance, which leads to conflict.

examples of successful businesses that operate in accordance with Shariah law

One of the most famous examples of transactions in accordance with islamic shariah law is the Sharia supervision that is imposed on financial banks.

As it is imposed for the purpose of ascertaining the extent to which the business of an Islamic financial institution conforms to the provisions of islamic shariah law according to the fatwas issued and the decisions approved by the fatwa authority.

Conclusion

To Summarize, Shariah law for kids is one of the instincts that must be deposited in the child from an early age, and the child can be taught the Islamic shariah law in a practical way through being keen on prayer, and the teachings of Shariah law do not stop at prayer, but rather deal with transactions such as buying and selling.

Islamic shariah law also cares about the Islamic family, being the cornerstone of the furniture. Therefore, Shariah law puts many controls on families. A Muslim can also delve into the study of Shariah law for kids in order to learn about the provisions of his religion in detail.

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