What is Tanween in Quran?
Tanween in quran is one of the movements of the Arabic language, and it is an extra noun at the end of the word. tanween is written as a superimposed tanween – that is, two consecutive vowels – whether (Tanween al-Damm, al-Fath, or al-Kasra).
Rulings of Nun Sakinah and tanween in quran are the provisions that determine the way to pronounce the letter Nun Sakinah or tanween when reading Quran. It has four provisions according to the letter following it.
What Is Nun Sakinah and Tanween?
The nun sakinaa is defined as any original nun in the word, that is, it is fixed and does not drop in pronunciation or writing, and in stopping or linking. And is free of movement, meaning that it is not open, compressed, or broken, and there is no difference whether it appears in nouns, verbs, or letters, nor does it make a difference whether it occurs in the middle or the end of a word.
It is not possible to come in the first word; Because the Arabic language does not begin with a consonant, and as for tanween, it is an extra noun in the word, and it appears in the pronunciation without writing and varies according to its movement.
According to Quran Spirit tutors the difference between the nun sakinah and the tanween in quran is as follows:
- The nun sakinaa may be an original or an extra letter, while the tanween words are an extra letter in all cases. If it is omitted, the meaning remains complete.
- The nun sakinah is pronounced and written, while the tanween words are pronounced only and dropped in writing because it is already superfluous.
- The nun sakna is found in all types of speech, while the tanween words are appended to nouns only without verbs or letters. In this regard, two verses should be noted that appeared in two different places to which this rule does not apply.
- And the second is in the Almighty’s saying: “لَنَسْفَعاً بِالنّاصِيَةِ” and the truth is that this indication is actually a noun, but the Qur’anic drawing is different, so the word originated ليكونن،, and the second is to لنسفعنّ.
- The noun sakinah may be in the middle or at the end of the word, while the Tanween symbol only appears as an extreme.
There are four provisions for tanween, and here is some Tanween symbol:
1- Izhar examples from the Qur’an
There are many examples in the Holy Qur’an on the ruling on Izhar, and Izhar may come in one or two words, and its letters are six, namely: hamza, haa, ain, ha, ghin, and kha, Moreover Izhar comes after the sakinah nun or tanween, and among the examples of the ruling on Izhar are the following :
“أنهار- “فِيها أَنْهارٌ مِنْ ماءٍ غَيْرِ آسِنٍ
“أنعمت- “صِراطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ
“من عمل- “مَنْ عَمِلَ صالِحاً مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ
2-Idgham examples from the Quran
There are many examples in the Holy Qur’an of the rule of idgham, and its letters are six and the group in the word “يرملون”, whether it is with or without a ghonna, and whether it is after the sakinah nun or tanween, and among these examples are the following:
هدىً للمُتقين- ذلِكَ الْكِتابُ لا رَيْبَ فِيهِ هُدىً لِلْمُتَّقِين
من ربهم- أُولئِكَ عَلى هُدىً مِنْ رَبِّهِم
من وال- وَما لَهُمْ مِنْ دُونِهِ مِنْ والٍ
3- Iqlab examples from the Quran
The rule of Iqlab is in the letter Baa only, such as the words: “من بعد ”, “سميعٌ بصير”, and Iqlab comes in a word or two in the event that the Baa is preceded by a consonant letter “Nun”, and its example is in the word: “أنبئهم”.
Which is contained in the Almighty’s saying: (قالَ يا آدَمُ أَنْبِئْهُمْ بِأَسْمائِهِمْ ), and its example is in two words: “أن بورك” As for the Tanween, it is only in two words, such as His saying – the Almighty -:
When iqlab the nun sakinah or tanween into a meme without Idgham, as in the word: “جُددٌ بيض”.
4- Ikhfa’a examples from the Quran
The ikhfaa has fifteen letters, which are the rest of the letters except for the letters izhar, idgham and Iqlab, and examples of it are the following words:
“ينصركم”, “أن صدوكم”, “وأنذرهم”, “من ذا الذي”, “بسلامٍ ذلك”, and the ikhfaa may come in the word; And his example: “والأُثثى”, “وانصرنا”, and it may come in two words; For example: “ولمن صبر”, “نفساً زكية”, “فإن فاءوا”, and examples of ikhfaa are also the following:
The word: “الأنصار”, which is mentioned in His saying – the Almighty -: (وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنْصارِ), where the letter “Sad” came after the consonant “Nun”.
How Many Rules Are There in Tanween and Noon?
Noon Sakinah: It is a static nun that proves both verbally and linearly, and connective and pausing, and it is in nouns, verbs, and letters.
As for tanween words: it is an extra static noun that appends the last of the nouns verbally, and separates from it with a line for non-emphasis.
Moreover, The provisions of Noon Sakinah and Tanween symbol are divided into four sections, and are detailed as follows:
1- Al-Izhar: which is the expression of the consonant “Nun” or “Tanween” when pronouncing one of the throat letters, and the throat letters are: hamza, ha’a, ain, ha’a, ghin, and kha’a.
And it is at the Noun in one word, as the Almighty said in Surat Al-Fatihah:أَنْعَمْتَ
And the Izhar of the nun is in two words, as the Almighty says:مِن هادٍ
It is not Izhar when Tanween only in two words, as the Almighty says: عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
2- Idgham linguistically: Inserting something into something, and idiomatically: it is the insertion of a consonant letter into a vowel so that they become one stressed letter.
And the idgham letters are six, namely: the ya’, the ra’, the meem, the lam, the waw, and the noon, and they are collected in the word (يرملون), The idgham is divided into two parts, which are as follows:
- The idgham with a ghanna The letters with a ghanna sing four, which are: ya’, noon, meem, and waw, and they are collected in the word (ينمو).
And its condition is that the noun sakinah or tanween is at the end of the first word, and the suffix letter is with a ghanna at the beginning of the second word, as Allah Almighty says In Surah Al-Zalzalah:وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ
But if the consonant “Nun” meets with the idgham letter in the same word, then it is necessary to show, and it is at the letters “waw” and “yaa”, and it is called absolute idgham, and it came in the Holy Qur’an in only four words, and these words are:
صنوان، وقنوان، والدنيا، بنيان
- Idgham without ghunnah for idghaam without ghunnah are two letters, namely: lām and rā’, and the aspect of diphthong in it is the omission of the ghunnah to exaggerate the mitigation; Because there is a weight in the persistence of the song when it is uttered, as in the words of the Most High:
3- Iqlab is defined in the language: As turning something away from its face. As for idiomatically: it is turning the static nun or tanween into a hidden meem with a ghunnah if the letter ba comes after it.
And the inversion has one letter, which is: the Baa’, and a crutch meme sign (m) is placed on the “Nun” to denote the inversion in the drawing of the Holy Qur’an, as the Almighty says:
4- Ikhfaa linguistically: Concealment, and idiomatically: it is the utterance of the letter in a manner between Izhar and idgham, without stressing, noticing the occurrence of ghunnah.
If the static nun or tanween comes after it and one of the ikhfa letters comes after it.
And the ikhfa letters are fifteen, namely: sad, dhaal, thaa, Al-Kaf, Al-Jim, Al-Shin, Al-Qaf, Al-Sin, Al-Dal, Al-Ta, Al-Za’i, Al-Fa’a, Al-Ta’a, Al-Dha’a, Al-Za’a, Allah Almighty said in Surah Al-Imran:
Ikhfaa has three levels, which are as follows:
- The highest rank: is the one with the ta’, the dal, and the ta’, and the ikhfaa in this rank is closer to diphthongs.
- The lowest rank: is with al-Qaf and al-Kaf, and al-Ihfa’ is closer to Izhar.
- Intermediate rank: It is the one that is with the rest of the hidden letters, and is in the middle between the upper rank and the lower rank.
The difference between ikhfaa and idgham
ikhfaa does not have stress when pronouncing it at all, and likewise, the ikhfaa of the letter is with others and not with others.
As for the idgham of the letter, it is in other than it and not in the other, it is said: The nun was hidden at the s, not at the s, and it is said: The nun was slammed into the lam, not at the lam.
it is necessary to know the science of tajweed, as it is classified within the sciences of the method, as it is considered a means to reach the achievement of a lofty goal, which is reading and memorizing the Noble Qur’an in a correct manner and sound pronunciation.
Moreover, the science of tajweed is also divided into several sections, and among these sections are the rulings of the sakinah nun and tanween.